Source code for webassets.bundle

from contextlib import contextmanager
import os
from os import path
from webassets import six
from webassets.six.moves import map
from webassets.six.moves import zip

from .filter import get_filter
from .merge import (FileHunk, UrlHunk, FilterTool, merge, merge_filters,
                    select_filters, MoreThanOneFilterError, NoFilters)
from .updater import SKIP_CACHE
from .exceptions import BundleError, BuildError
from .utils import cmp_debug_levels, hash_func
from .env import ConfigurationContext, DictConfigStorage, BaseEnvironment
from .utils import is_url

__all__ = ('Bundle', 'get_all_bundle_files',)

def has_placeholder(s):
    return '%(version)s' in s

class ContextWrapper(object):
    """Implements a hierarchy-aware configuration context.

    Since each bundle can provide settings that augment the values of
    the parent bundle, and ultimately the environment, as the bundle
    hierarchy is processed, this class is used to provide an interface
    that searches through the hierarchy of settings. It's what you get
    when you are given a ``ctx`` value.

    def __init__(self, parent, overwrites=None):
        self._parent, self._overwrites = parent, overwrites

    def __getitem__(self, key):
            if self._overwrites is None:
                raise KeyError()
            return self._overwrites.config[key]
        except KeyError:
            return self._parent.config.get(key)

    def __getattr__(self, item):
            return self.getattr(self._overwrites, item)
        except (KeyError, AttributeError, EnvironmentError):
            return self.getattr(self._parent, item)

    def getattr(self, object, item):
        # Helper because Bundles are special in that the config attributes
        # are in bundle.config (bundle.config.url vs env.url or ctx.url).
        if isinstance(object, Bundle):
            return getattr(object.config, item)
            return getattr(object, item)

    def get(self, key, default=None):
            return self.__getitem__(key)
        except KeyError:
            return default

    def environment(self):
        """Find the root environment context."""
        if isinstance(self._parent, BaseEnvironment):
            return self._parent
        return self._parent.environment

def wrap(parent, overwrites):
    """Return a context object where the values from ``overwrites``
    augment the ``parent`` configuration. See :class:`ContextWrapper`.
    return ContextWrapper(parent, overwrites)

class BundleConfig(DictConfigStorage, ConfigurationContext):
    """A configuration dict that also supports Environment-like attribute
    access, i.e. ``config['resolver']`` and ``config.resolver``.
    def __init__(self, bundle):
        DictConfigStorage.__init__(self, bundle)
        ConfigurationContext.__init__(self, self)

[docs]class Bundle(object): """A bundle is the unit webassets uses to organize groups of media files, which filters to apply and where to store them. Bundles can be nested arbitrarily. A note on the connection between a bundle and an "environment" instance: The bundle requires a environment that it belongs to. Without an environment, it lacks information about how to behave, and cannot know where relative paths are actually based. However, I don't want to make the ``Bundle.__init__`` syntax more complicated than it already is by requiring an Environment object to be passed. This would be a particular nuisance when nested bundles are used. Further, nested bundles are never explicitly connected to an Environment, and what's more, the same child bundle can be used in multiple parent bundles. This is the reason why basically every method of the Bundle class takes an ``env`` parameter - so a parent bundle can provide the environment for child bundles that do not know it. """ def __init__(self, *contents, **options): self._env = options.pop('env', None) self.contents = contents self.output = options.pop('output', None) self.filters = options.pop('filters', None) self.depends = options.pop('depends', []) self.version = options.pop('version', []) self.extra = options.pop('extra', {}) self._config = BundleConfig(self) self._config.update(options.pop('config', {})) if 'debug' in options: debug = options.pop('debug') if debug is not None: self._config['debug'] = debug if options: raise TypeError("got unexpected keyword argument '%s'" % list(options.keys())[0]) def __repr__(self): return "<%s output=%s, filters=%s, contents=%s>" % ( self.__class__.__name__, self.output, self.filters, self.contents, ) @property def config(self): # This is a property so that user are not tempted to assign # a custom dictionary which won't uphold our caseless semantics. return self._config def _get_debug(self): return self.config.get('debug', None) def _set_debug(self, value): self.config['debug'] = value debug = property(_get_debug, _set_debug) def _get_filters(self): return self._filters def _set_filters(self, value): """Filters may be specified in a variety of different ways, including by giving their name; we need to make sure we resolve everything to an actual filter instance. """ if value is None: self._filters = () return if isinstance(value, six.string_types): # 333: Simplify w/o condition? if six.PY3: filters = map(str.strip, value.split(',')) else: filters = map(unicode.strip, unicode(value).split(',')) elif isinstance(value, (list, tuple)): filters = value else: filters = [value] self._filters = [get_filter(f) for f in filters] filters = property(_get_filters, _set_filters) def _get_contents(self): return self._contents def _set_contents(self, value): self._contents = value self._resolved_contents = None contents = property(_get_contents, _set_contents) def _get_extra(self): if not self._extra and not has_files(self): # If this bundle has no extra values of it's own, and only # wraps child bundles, use the extra values of those. result = {} for bundle in self.contents: if bundle.extra is not None: result.update(bundle.extra) return result else: return self._extra def _set_extra(self, value): self._extra = value extra = property(_get_extra, _set_extra, doc="""A custom user dict of extra values attached to this bundle. Those will be available in template tags, and can be used to attach things like a CSS 'media' value.""")
[docs] def resolve_contents(self, ctx=None, force=False): """Return an actual list of source files. What the user specifies as the bundle contents cannot be processed directly. There may be glob patterns of course. We may need to search the load path. It's common for third party extensions to provide support for referencing assets spread across multiple directories. This passes everything through :class:`Environment.resolver`, through which this process can be customized. At this point, we also validate source paths to complain about missing files early. The return value is a list of 2-tuples ``(original_item, abspath)``. In the case of urls and nested bundles both tuple values are the same. Set ``force`` to ignore any cache, and always re-resolve glob patterns. """ if not ctx: ctx = wrap(self.env, self) # TODO: We cache the values, which in theory is problematic, since # due to changes in the env object, the result of the globbing may # change. Not to mention that a different env object may be passed # in. We should find a fix for this. if getattr(self, '_resolved_contents', None) is None or force: resolved = [] for item in self.contents: try: result = ctx.resolver.resolve_source(ctx, item) except IOError as e: raise BundleError(e) if not isinstance(result, list): result = [result] # Exclude the output file. # TODO: This will not work for nested bundle contents. If it # doesn't work properly anyway, should be do it in the first # place? If there are multiple versions, it will fail as well. # TODO: There is also the question whether we can/should # exclude glob duplicates. if self.output: try: result.remove(self.resolve_output(ctx)) except (ValueError, BundleError): pass resolved.extend(map(lambda r: (item, r), result)) self._resolved_contents = resolved return self._resolved_contents
def _get_depends(self): return self._depends def _set_depends(self, value): self._depends = [value] if isinstance(value, six.string_types) else value self._resolved_depends = None depends = property(_get_depends, _set_depends, doc= """Allows you to define an additional set of files (glob syntax is supported), which are considered when determining whether a rebuild is required. """) def resolve_depends(self, ctx): # TODO: Caching is as problematic here as it is in resolve_contents(). if not self.depends: return [] if getattr(self, '_resolved_depends', None) is None: resolved = [] for item in self.depends: try: result = ctx.resolver.resolve_source(ctx, item) except IOError as e: raise BundleError(e) if not isinstance(result, list): result = [result] resolved.extend(result) self._resolved_depends = resolved return self._resolved_depends
[docs] def get_version(self, ctx=None, refresh=False): """Return the current version of the Bundle. If the version is not cached in memory, it will first look in the manifest, then ask the versioner. ``refresh`` causes a value in memory to be ignored, and the version to be looked up anew. """ if not ctx: ctx = wrap(self.env, self) if not self.version or refresh: version = None # First, try a manifest. This should be the fastest way. if ctx.manifest: version = ctx.manifest.query(self, ctx) # Often the versioner is able to help. if not version: from .version import VersionIndeterminableError if ctx.versions: try: version = ctx.versions.determine_version(self, ctx) assert version except VersionIndeterminableError as e: reason = e else: reason = '"versions" option not set' if not version: raise BundleError(( 'Cannot find version of %s. There is no manifest ' 'which knows the version, and it cannot be ' 'determined dynamically, because: %s') % (self, reason)) self.version = version return self.version
[docs] def resolve_output(self, ctx=None, version=None): """Return the full, absolute output path. If a %(version)s placeholder is used, it is replaced. """ if not ctx: ctx = wrap(self.env, self) output = ctx.resolver.resolve_output_to_path(ctx, self.output, self) if has_placeholder(output): output = output % {'version': version or self.get_version(ctx)} return output
[docs] def id(self): """This is used to determine when a bundle definition has changed so that a rebuild is required. The hash therefore should be built upon data that actually affect the final build result. """ return hash_func((tuple(self.contents), self.output, tuple(self.filters), bool(self.debug)))
# Note how self.depends is not included here. It could be, but we # really want this hash to only change for stuff that affects the # actual output bytes. Note that modifying depends will be effective # after the first rebuild in any case. @property def is_container(self): """Return true if this is a container bundle, that is, a bundle that acts only as a container for a number of sub-bundles. It must not contain any files of its own, and must have an empty ``output`` attribute. """ return not has_files(self) and not self.output @contextmanager def bind(self, env): old_env = self._env self._env = env try: yield finally: self._env = old_env def _get_env(self): if self._env is None: raise BundleError('Bundle is not connected to an environment') return self._env def _set_env(self, env): self._env = env env = property(_get_env, _set_env) def _merge_and_apply(self, ctx, output, force, parent_debug=None, parent_filters=None, extra_filters=None, disable_cache=None): """Internal recursive build method. ``parent_debug`` is the debug setting used by the parent bundle. This is not necessarily ``bundle.debug``, but rather what the calling method in the recursion tree is actually using. ``parent_filters`` are what the parent passes along, for us to be applied as input filters. Like ``parent_debug``, it is a collection of the filters of all parents in the hierarchy. ``extra_filters`` may exist if the parent is a container bundle passing filters along to its children; these are applied as input and output filters (since there is no parent who could do the latter), and they are not passed further down the hierarchy (but instead they become part of ``parent_filters``. ``disable_cache`` is necessary because in some cases, when an external bundle dependency has changed, we must not rely on the cache, since the cache key is not taking into account changes in those dependencies (for now). """ parent_filters = parent_filters or [] extra_filters = extra_filters or [] # Determine the debug level to use. It determines if and which filters # should be applied. # # The debug level is inherited (if the parent bundle is merging, a # child bundle clearly cannot act in full debug=True mode). Bundles # may define a custom ``debug`` attributes, but child bundles may only # ever lower it, not increase it. # # If not parent_debug is given (top level), use the Environment value. parent_debug = parent_debug if parent_debug is not None else ctx.debug # Consider bundle's debug attribute and other things. current_debug_level = _effective_debug_level( ctx, self, extra_filters, default=parent_debug) # Special case: If we end up with ``True``, assume ``False`` instead. # The alternative would be for the build() method to refuse to work at # this point, which seems unnecessarily inconvenient (Instead how it # works is that urls() simply doesn't call build() when debugging). # Note: This can only happen if the Environment sets debug=True and # nothing else overrides it. if current_debug_level is True: current_debug_level = False # Put together a list of filters that we would want to run here. # These will be the bundle's filters, and any extra filters given # to use if the parent is a container bundle. Note we do not yet # include input/open filters pushed down by a parent build iteration. filters = merge_filters(self.filters, extra_filters) # Initialize the filters. This happens before we choose which of # them should actually run, so that Filter.setup() can influence # this choice. for filter in filters: filter.set_context(ctx) # Since we call this now every single time before the filter # is used, we might pass the bundle instance it is going # to be used with. For backwards-compatibility reasons, this # is problematic. However, by inspecting the support arguments, # we can deal with it. We probably then want to deprecate # the old syntax before 1.0 (TODO). filter.setup() # Given the debug level, determine which of the filters want to run selected_filters = select_filters(filters, current_debug_level) # We construct two lists of filters. The ones we want to use in this # iteration, and the ones we want to pass down to child bundles. # Why? Say we are in merge mode. Assume an "input()" filter which does # not run in merge mode, and a child bundle that switches to # debug=False. The child bundle then DOES want to run those input # filters, so we do need to pass them. filters_to_run = merge_filters( selected_filters, select_filters(parent_filters, current_debug_level)) filters_to_pass_down = merge_filters(filters, parent_filters) # Prepare contents resolved_contents = self.resolve_contents(ctx, force=True) # Unless we have been told by our caller to use or not use the cache # for this, try to decide for ourselves. The issue here is that when a # bundle has dependencies, like a sass file with includes otherwise not # listed in the bundle sources, a change in such an external include # would not influence the cache key, thus the use of the cache causing # such a change to be ignored. For now, we simply do not use the cache # for any bundle with dependencies. Another option would be to read # the contents of all files declared via "depends", and use them as a # cache key modifier. For now I am worried about the performance impact. # # Note: This decision only affects the current bundle instance. Even if # dependencies cause us to ignore the cache for this bundle instance, # child bundles may still use it! actually_skip_cache_here = disable_cache or bool(self.resolve_depends(ctx)) filtertool = FilterTool( ctx.cache, no_cache_read=actually_skip_cache_here, kwargs={'output': output[0], 'output_path': output[1]}) # Apply input()/open() filters to all the contents. hunks = [] for item, cnt in resolved_contents: if isinstance(cnt, Bundle): # Recursively process nested bundles. hunk = cnt._merge_and_apply( wrap(ctx, cnt), output, force, current_debug_level, filters_to_pass_down, disable_cache=disable_cache) if hunk is not None: hunks.append((hunk, {})) else: # Give a filter the chance to open his file. try: hunk = filtertool.apply_func( filters_to_run, 'open', [cnt], # Also pass along the original relative path, as # specified by the user, before resolving. kwargs={'source': item}, # We still need to open the file ourselves too and use # it's content as part of the cache key, otherwise this # filter application would only be cached by filename, # and changes in the source not detected. The other # option is to not use the cache at all here. Both have # different performance implications, but I'm guessing # that reading and hashing some files unnecessarily # very often is better than running filters # unnecessarily occasionally. cache_key=[FileHunk(cnt)] if not is_url(cnt) else []) except MoreThanOneFilterError as e: raise BuildError(e) except NoFilters: # Open the file ourselves. if is_url(cnt): hunk = UrlHunk(cnt, env=ctx) else: hunk = FileHunk(cnt) # With the hunk, remember both the original relative # path, as specified by the user, and the one that has # been resolved to a filesystem location. We'll pass # them along to various filter steps. item_data = {'source': item, 'source_path': cnt} # Run input filters, unless open() told us not to. hunk = filtertool.apply(hunk, filters_to_run, 'input', kwargs=item_data) hunks.append((hunk, item_data)) # If this bundle is empty (if it has nested bundles, they did # not yield any hunks either), return None to indicate so. if len(hunks) == 0: return None # Merge the individual files together. There is an optional hook for # a filter here, by implementing a concat() method. try: try: final = filtertool.apply_func(filters_to_run, 'concat', [hunks]) except MoreThanOneFilterError as e: raise BuildError(e) except NoFilters: final = merge([h for h, _ in hunks]) except IOError as e: # IOErrors can be raised here if hunks are loaded for the # first time. TODO: IOErrors can also be raised when # a file is read during the filter-apply phase, but we don't # convert it to a BuildError there... raise BuildError(e) # Apply output filters. # TODO: So far, all the situations where bundle dependencies are # used/useful, are based on input filters having those dependencies. Is # it even required to consider them here with respect to the cache? We # might be able to run this operation with the cache on (the FilterTool # being possibly configured with cache reads off). return filtertool.apply(final, selected_filters, 'output') def _build(self, ctx, extra_filters=None, force=None, output=None, disable_cache=None): """Internal bundle build function. This actually tries to build this very bundle instance, as opposed to the public-facing ``build()``, which first deals with the possibility that we are a container bundle, i.e. having no files of our own. First checks whether an update for this bundle is required, via the configured ``updater`` (which is almost always the timestamp-based one). Unless ``force`` is given, in which case the bundle will always be built, without considering timestamps. A ``FileHunk`` will be returned, or in a certain case, with no updater defined and force=False, the return value may be ``False``. TODO: Support locking. When called from inside a template tag, this should lock, so that multiple requests don't all start to build. When called from the command line, there is no need to lock. """ extra_filters = extra_filters or [] if not self.output: raise BuildError('No output target found for %s' % self) # Determine if we really need to build, or if the output file # already exists and nothing has changed. if force: update_needed = True elif not has_placeholder(self.output) and \ not path.exists(self.resolve_output(ctx, self.output)): update_needed = True else: update_needed = ctx.updater.needs_rebuild(self, ctx) \ if ctx.updater else True if update_needed==SKIP_CACHE: disable_cache = True if not update_needed: # We can simply return the existing output file return FileHunk(self.resolve_output(ctx, self.output)) hunk = self._merge_and_apply( ctx, [self.output, self.resolve_output(ctx, version='?')], force, disable_cache=disable_cache, extra_filters=extra_filters) if hunk is None: raise BuildError('Nothing to build for %s, is empty' % self) if output: # If we are given a stream, just write to it. output.write( else: if has_placeholder(self.output) and not ctx.versions: raise BuildError(( 'You have not set the "versions" option, but %s ' 'uses a version placeholder in the output target' % self)) version = None if ctx.versions: version = ctx.versions.determine_version(self, ctx, hunk) output_filename = self.resolve_output(ctx, version=version) # If it doesn't exist yet, create the target directory. output_dir = path.dirname(output_filename) if not path.exists(output_dir): os.makedirs(output_dir) self.version = version if ctx.manifest: ctx.manifest.remember(self, ctx, version) if ctx.versions and version: # Hook for the versioner (for example set the timestamp of # the file) to the actual version. ctx.versions.set_version(self, ctx, output_filename, version) # The updater may need to know this bundle exists and how it # has been last built, in order to detect changes in the # bundle definition, like new source files. if ctx.updater: ctx.updater.build_done(self, ctx) return hunk
[docs] def build(self, force=None, output=None, disable_cache=None): """Build this bundle, meaning create the file given by the ``output`` attribute, applying the configured filters etc. If the bundle is a container bundle, then multiple files will be built. Unless ``force`` is given, the configured ``updater`` will be used to check whether a build is even necessary. If ``output`` is a file object, the result will be written to it rather than to the filesystem. The return value is a list of ``FileHunk`` objects, one for each bundle that was built. """ ctx = wrap(self.env, self) hunks = [] for bundle, extra_filters, new_ctx in self.iterbuild(ctx): hunks.append(bundle._build( new_ctx, extra_filters, force=force, output=output, disable_cache=disable_cache)) return hunks
[docs] def iterbuild(self, ctx): """Iterate over the bundles which actually need to be built. This will often only entail ``self``, though for container bundles (and container bundle hierarchies), a list of all the non-container leafs will be yielded. Essentially, what this does is "skip" bundles which do not need to be built on their own (container bundles), and gives the caller the child bundles instead. The return values are 3-tuples of (bundle, filter_list, new_ctx), with the second item being a list of filters that the parent "container bundles" this method is processing are passing down to the children. """ if self.is_container: for bundle, _ in self.resolve_contents(ctx): if bundle.is_container: for child, child_filters, new_ctx in \ bundle.iterbuild(wrap(ctx, bundle)): yield ( child, merge_filters(child_filters, self.filters), new_ctx) else: yield bundle, self.filters, wrap(ctx, bundle) else: yield self, [], ctx
def _make_output_url(self, ctx): """Return the output url, modified for expire header handling. """ # Only query the version if we need to for performance version = None if has_placeholder(self.output) or ctx.url_expire != False: # If auto-build is enabled, we must not use a cached version # value, or we might serve old versions. version = self.get_version(ctx, refresh=ctx.auto_build) url = self.output if has_placeholder(url): url = url % {'version': version} url = ctx.resolver.resolve_output_to_url(ctx, url) if ctx.url_expire or ( ctx.url_expire is None and not has_placeholder(self.output)): url = "%s?%s" % (url, version) return url def _urls(self, ctx, extra_filters, *args, **kwargs): """Return a list of urls for this bundle, and all subbundles, and, when it becomes necessary, start a build process. """ # Look at the debug value to see if this bundle should return the # source urls (in debug mode), or a single url of the bundle in built # form. Once a bundle needs to be built, all of it's child bundles # are built as well of course, so at this point we leave the urls() # recursion and start a build() recursion. debug = _effective_debug_level(ctx, self, extra_filters) if debug == 'merge': supposed_to_merge = True elif debug is True: supposed_to_merge = False elif debug is False: supposed_to_merge = True else: raise BundleError('Invalid debug value: %s' % debug) # We will output a single url for this bundle unless a) the # configuration tells us to output the source urls # ("supposed_to_merge"), or b) this bundle isn't actually configured to # be built, that is, has no filters and no output target. if supposed_to_merge and (self.filters or self.output): # With ``auto_build``, build the bundle to make sure the output is # up to date; otherwise, we just assume the file already exists. # (not wasting any IO ops) if ctx.auto_build: self._build(ctx, extra_filters=extra_filters, force=False, *args, **kwargs) return [self._make_output_url(ctx)] else: # We either have no files (nothing to build), or we are # in debug mode: Instead of building the bundle, we # source all contents instead. urls = [] for org, cnt in self.resolve_contents(ctx): if isinstance(cnt, Bundle): urls.extend(org._urls( wrap(ctx, cnt), merge_filters(extra_filters, self.filters), *args, **kwargs)) elif is_url(cnt): urls.append(cnt) else: try: url = ctx.resolver.resolve_source_to_url(ctx, cnt, org) except ValueError: # If we cannot generate a url to a path outside the # media directory. So if that happens, we copy the # file into the media directory. external = pull_external(ctx, cnt) url = ctx.resolver.resolve_source_to_url(ctx, external, org) urls.append(url) return urls
[docs] def urls(self, *args, **kwargs): """Return a list of urls for this bundle. Depending on the environment and given options, this may be a single url (likely the case in production mode), or many urls (when we source the original media files in DEBUG mode). Insofar necessary, this will automatically create or update the files behind these urls. """ ctx = wrap(self.env, self) urls = [] for bundle, extra_filters, new_ctx in self.iterbuild(ctx): urls.extend(bundle._urls(new_ctx, extra_filters, *args, **kwargs)) return urls
def pull_external(ctx, filename): """Helper which will pull ``filename`` into :attr:``, for the purposes of being able to generate a url for it. """ # Generate the target filename. Use a hash to keep it unique and short, # but attach the base filename for readability. # The bit-shifting rids us of ugly leading - characters. hashed_filename = hash_func(filename) rel_path = path.join('webassets-external', "%s_%s" % (hashed_filename, path.basename(filename))) full_path = path.join(, rel_path) # Copy the file if necessary if path.isfile(full_path): gs = lambda p: os.stat(p).st_mtime if gs(full_path) > gs(filename): return full_path directory = path.dirname(full_path) if not path.exists(directory): os.makedirs(directory) FileHunk(filename).save(full_path) return full_path def get_all_bundle_files(bundle, ctx=None): """Return a flattened list of all source files of the given bundle, all its dependencies, recursively for all nested bundles. Making this a helper function rather than a part of the official Bundle feels right. """ if not ctx: ctx = wrap(bundle.env, bundle) if not isinstance(ctx, ContextWrapper): ctx = ContextWrapper(ctx) files = [] for _, c in bundle.resolve_contents(ctx): if isinstance(c, Bundle): files.extend(get_all_bundle_files(c, wrap(ctx, c))) elif not is_url(c): files.append(c) files.extend(bundle.resolve_depends(ctx)) return files def _effective_debug_level(ctx, bundle, extra_filters=None, default=None): """This is a helper used both in the urls() and the build() recursions. It returns the debug level that this bundle, in a tree structure of bundles, should use. It looks at any bundle-specific ``debug`` attribute, considers an automatic upgrade to "merge" due to filters that are present, and will finally use the value in the ``default`` argument, which in turn defaults to ``env.debug``. It also ensures our rule that in a bundle hierarchy, the debug level may only ever be lowered. Nested bundle may lower the level from ``True`` to ``"merge"`` to ``False``, but never in the other direction. Which makes sense: If a bundle is already being merged, we cannot start exposing the source urls a child bundle, not if the correct order should be maintained. And while in theory it would seem possible to switch between full-out production (debug=False) and ``"merge"``, the complexity there, in particular with view as to how certain filter types like input() and open() need to be applied to child bundles, is just not worth it. """ if default is None: default = ctx.environment.debug if bundle.config.get('debug') is not None: level = bundle.config.debug else: # If bundle doesn't force a level, then the presence of filters which # declare they should always run puts the bundle automatically in # merge mode. filters = merge_filters(bundle.filters, extra_filters) level = 'merge' if select_filters(filters, True) else None if level is not None: # The new level must be lower than the older one. We do not thrown an # error if this is NOT the case, but silently ignore it. This is so # that a debug=True can be used to overwrite auto_debug_upgrade. # Otherwise debug=True would always fail. if cmp_debug_levels(default, level) > 0: return level return default has_files = lambda bundle: \ any([c for c in bundle.contents if not isinstance(c, Bundle)])